Reconstructive urology

Reconstructive urology reestablishes functionality of the genito-urinary tract. Strictures of the urethra or the ureter often require reconstructive surgery. Another frequent procedure is the reconstruction of the urinary bladder from small bowel in conjunction with cancer surgery. Reconstruction of the urinary bladder for ectopia vesicae is a challenging approach. Cosmetic surgery such as penis enlargement is rarely done in urology.